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Adam, Robert (1728-1792): Neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.
Barrel vault: An ancient roof form used in Egypt, Rome and Medieval Europe.
Balusters: Vertical support pole between the stair tread and hand rail.
Caen stone: A creamy limestone found near Caen, France.
Clerestory: A window in a roof or high in a wall to provide extra light.
Commonwealth (1649-1654): The period when the English House of Commons abolished the Monarchy and House of Lords.
Dendrochronology: The scientific study of the annular growth of trees to determine the age of the wood.
Diocese: An administrative area controlled by a bishop in the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches.
Grinling Gibbons (1648-1720): the greatest English woodcarver. Employed by Sir Christopher Wren and Charles II.
Manor: Land with tenants over whom the bishop had rights of jurisdiction.
Manor Courts: A private court through which the bishop exercised his seigniorial rights over his tenants.
Motte and bailey castle: An earth mound (motte) surrounded by an area (bailey) protected by a wall of earth or wood.
Petard: A small bomb used to blow up gates or walls when breaching defences.
Protectorate (1654-1658): The period when Oliver Cromwell ruled England as Lord Protector after dissolving Parliament.
See: The official seat or centre of authority of a bishop.
Stillroom: A pantry or storeroom connected with the kitchen.
Usher: An assistant teacher.
Veronese, Paolo (c. 1528-1588): An Italian painter.
Ward: The bailey of the original Norman castle. The large area surrounding the main castle buildings, but still within the outer curtain wall.
Webb, John (1611-1672): Personal assistant to and heir of architect and theatre designer, Inigo Jones.